Friday, November 18, 2005

Hale, Louise Closser

Louise Closser studied at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York City and at Emerson College of Oratory in Boston. She made her theatrical debut in 1894 in a Detroit, Michigan, production of In Old Kentucky. For several years she appeared

Wednesday, July 27, 2005


China did not have a national currency until 1933, and hence external trade was conducted in foreign currencies and internal trade in ounces, or taels, of silver. The tael was seldom minted in the form of a coin but rather served as a standard

Tuesday, July 26, 2005


The action of moving air or water across the surface of a respiratory structure, such as a gill or lung, to facilitate respiration (the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide with the environment). See respiration.

Saturday, July 23, 2005

Skaldic Poetry

Skalds were identified by name; their poems

Friday, July 08, 2005

French Literature, Secular drama

The earliest comic plays extant date from the second half of the 13th century. Le Garçon et

Wednesday, July 06, 2005

Plummer's Disease

Also called  toxic multinodular goitre  thyroid condition characterized by marked enlargement of the thyroid gland (goitre), firm thyroid nodules, and mild overproduction of thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism). Plummer's disease, which usually occurs in older people, is of unknown etiology. Its symptoms resemble those of Graves' disease (q.v.), a condition believed to be an autoimmune disorder caused by antibodies

Thursday, June 30, 2005


The devaraja cult grew out of both Hindu and indigenous traditions. It taught that the king was a divine universal ruler, a manifestation